5 Step Process to Implement OBE In Your Academic Institution
Outcome-Based Education (OBE) is a learning method focusing completely on student competency. It concentrates on the outcomes or goals instead of just marks or results. The educators identify goals which could be a certain number of skills and knowledge that the learner should have at the end of the exercise.
The assessment methods are then defined to measure the achievement of these goals. Irrespective of the time required, or the method used, the only outcome aimed for is success for every student which is measured by the student’s ability to meet the outcome criteria, established previously. There is continuous evaluation to help students reach their goals.
While OBE primarily focuses on the learner and the learner’s capability to achieve the outcomes, the teachers take on the greater role of becoming facilitators and mentors. A well developed OBE-based learning should have alternate teaching-learning techniques and various activities to ensure success. Also, insightful feedback from the students also helps in reshaping the curriculum.
A successful OBE implementation is hence a collective effort to achieve outcomes which are chosen carefully based on data from different sources.
What makes OBE score over the traditional model
- Learner centric
OBE recognises that all students learn at their own pace and thus uses continuous evaluation to make sure the student achieves the desired outcome at the end of education.
- Clarity and focus
With the goal defined beforehand, students and teachers can act and strategize well towards the end objective and shift the focus from just assessments to learning.
Students will have a lot of opportunity to achieve the outcomes without the stress of grades or marks in education.
Implementing OBE requires research and background study about the institution and the
curriculum as each institution and its requirements are unique.
Here is a 5 step process on how to successfully implement OBE in an academic institution
1. Assessment of curriculum and needs
A very important step before starting is to collect information and data about the curriculum, the current standards of the institution, feedback from the stakeholders, and identifying the requirements for implementing OBE in the institution. This helps to devise strategies, define outcomes, and measure student achievements.
2. Defining outcomes
The next big step is to define the outcome the student has to achieve, based on the requirements collected from stakeholders and the needs of the institution. Unlike the traditional system where students are just assigned textbooks, homework, common practical classes, quizzes and a series of tests; in an OBE system, the classroom is like a laboratory where there is constant research for different approaches that work for each individual student. Like all laboratory experiments, the success criteria are first defined.
The outcome is a particular skill or capability that will be acquired by the student. So, starting with the goal in mind, working backwards, the student is led from the beginning through a series of outcomes to meet the final set goal, when he or she completes education. Some major outcomes are measured over longer terms and immediate outcomes help to measure the student’s achievement rate in shorter terms, so the teaching-learning methods can be improved and altered along the way as needed.
Moreover, once the outcomes are defined, it is important to map them with subsets. The correlation between long term outcomes and short-term goals has to be well defined.
3. Collaboration and Implementation
It is very important to have transparent and effective communications between the stakeholders and decision makers for the successful implementation of OBE. To have clarity about the process, it is crucial to have every department – from the parents (if required), the students, the industry experts, and key decision makers – to have a say in each step.
The OBE system primarily focuses on learning, rather than teaching, so the teacher is like a coach pushing and motivating the students toward successful outcomes. Collaborating with all the teachers to find paths to success for each student and always having multiple paths available for students is an important part of achieving success in OBE.
It is critical to have focus in OBE. What is taught, how it is taught and the way it is assessed are linked to the intended learning outcomes. Every student is an individual learning project and needs to be given the maximum opportunity to achieve the learning outcomes. A teacher’s or a method’s effectiveness is measured by the success of each student. To have to adjust instructional levels and approaches for every student is challenging and hence, there is a lot of groundwork and innovation involved.
4. Defining the role of assessments and results, and measuring success
The next step is to outline the contributions from assessments like assignments, projects and exams, etc. Documenting and mapping the extent of achievement by the assessment results which would mean measuring achievement of an outcome by the students performance in outcome based assessment.
Student performance can be measured in any of the ways, such as a written paper, an online presentation, a practical art and craft model or even a multiple-choice assessment. This is to reinforce that students can display competency in any way they feel comfortable with. These assessments, which are criterion-focused, are based on the students ability to demonstrate what they can do at the end of the education. The OBE grading system is not comparative or competitive. The assessments are only for the purpose of locating and rewarding successes.
5. Feedback and continuous evaluation
Finally, an important aspect of the OBE method is constant evaluation of the process. With every assessment, there is a review of what works and what doesn’t and a continuous improvement in the different approaches to the assessment process. There is a need to collect feedback, make necessary edits and alterations and improve constantly to assure that students are able to achieve the outcomes. With an effective OBE classroom, it is a success story as each student is offered an interesting path towards the achievement of their goals.
With Academia ERP software you can streamline the implementation process quickly and efficiently.