A Guide To Choice Based Credit System
The University Grants Commission (UGC) in its attempt to initiate measures to bring in equity, efficiency and excellence in the Higher Education System of the country, has introduced the Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) in the NEP 2020. This opens up new pathways for learning opportunities while establishing learning goals and objectives. The CBCS offers an approach where students can take courses of their choice, learn at their own pace, take up additional courses and accumulate more than the required credits, and adopt an interdisciplinary approach to learning.
The introduction of the National Education Policy (NEP 2020) has brought about revolutionary changes to the education system of India. One of the key changes is bringing in the Choice Based Credit System (CBCS). This grading system changes the traditional teaching-learning system in India.
With the diversity in the higher education system in India, multiple approaches are followed by universities towards examination, evaluation and grading systems. There arises a need to devise a fair system of grading based on the performance of students. With the NEP2020, the UGC introduces a unique concept of Academic Bank of Credit (ABC) coupled with CBCS to enable today’s career-oriented students to move ahead.
What is CBCS?
The CBCS is a University Grants Commission (UGC) initiative and promotes the liberalisation of the current conventional higher education models. With a student-based approach to learning or acquiring higher education, the CNCS allows students or learners the flexibility to choose their course from a list of elective, core and soft skill courses.
A credit system for higher education measures different parameters like –
- Student performance
- Learning outcomes
- Entrepreneurship skills
- Contact hours
- Creativity & talent
Structure & Implementation of CBCS
– With a student-centric approach, the CBCS permits students to choose their choice of inter or intradisciplinary courses, skill-based courses, etc. It allows a student to combine subjects from disciplines like Economics and Physics.
– Students have the flexibility to complete their education from different institutions at different periods of time. Credits can be transferred if the student changes his/her branch of study or institute.
– The students’ points or credits from one institute can be transferred to another.
– Students can select the subjects of their choice from different groups.
UGC has categorised the groups as
o Core Course – Core courses are there every semester and students have to compulsorily study the core or the main subject to meet the requirement of the programme of that particular discipline.
o Elective Course – Here, the student can choose any paper
- Discipline-Specific Elective Course
- Generic Elective
- Ability Enhancement Courses
- Skill Enhancement Courses
o Foundation Course
- Compulsory Foundation
- Elective Foundation
- CBCS moves away from numerical marking to grading semester-wise with two semesters in a year where students’ performances are evaluated and grading is done subject-wise.
- The CBCS works in compliance with other grading systems of institutes, all over the world.
- Different evaluation methods are followed, based on the suitability of the course approved by various legislative bodies.
- UGC recommends Letter Grades and Point Grade Systems to be applied
- Letter Grades are based on a student’s marks or percentage from his/her course
- Grade Point Systems are where marks are converted into grades based upon a fixed period.
Core Advantages of CBCS
- The student has a choice of inter/multidisciplinary courses
- A mentor guides students to select courses, on the basis of their IQ level
- It promotes group work, research, and community involvement
- It gives prospects to the learner to earn certification through a walk-in/walk-out approach
- It provides students with greater flexibility in the choice of courses
- Students can choose courses at a basic or advanced level
- Learners get the chance to acquire job-oriented skills
- Students progress at their own pace
- Highly motivated students get the chance to gain extra credits
- Potential employers can assess students’ performances, judicially
The implementation of the student-centric CBCS system is beneficial for institutes. Academia ERP, which provides the most reliable and trusted solutions to educational institutes, has inbuilt functionality to support the rollout of the CBCS for educational campuses.